Don't have whole wheat pastry flour??Regular whole wheat flour is not a good substitute for whole wheat pastry flour.It will give you a heavier and more dense product.Whole wheat flour is usually ground hard wheat that is high in gluten and best for baking 徳赢彩票游戏bread.Whole wheat pastry flour is a much finer grind and is made from a soft wheat low in gluten.最适合吃蛋糕之类的甜食，muffins,还有饼干。Whole wheat pastry flour is available at Whole Foods and can easily be purchased online (King Arthur Flour has it). If you use my 徳赢真人娱乐recipes regularly it's worth the effort to find whole wheat pastry flour so you can add whole grains to your homemade baking.
Don't have buttermilk??你不能用牛奶代替酪乳。There is no perfect substitute for buttermilk,especially in baking.Due to its acidic nature,buttermilk makes baked goods lighter and fluffier so it's worth using the real thing.You can freeze unused buttermilk in portions the size you will need for future 徳赢真人娱乐recipes.It will separate when frozen but when you thaw it,把它再搅拌一下。To substitute for buttermilk,there are several options:
1) Combine yogurt with milk,using plain yogurt and milk,about half and half.
2) Add 1 tablespoon of fresh lemon juice or distilled white vinegar to 1 cup of milk (not fat-free) and let it stand for 5 minutes or longer.
3) Combine sour cream with milk or water until it's the thickness of buttermilk.
没有面包粉吗？徳赢彩票游戏?You can use all purpose flour.徳赢彩票游戏面包粉比普通面粉含有更多的蛋白质，这有助于面筋的发育。which is helpful when working with yeast.With 徳赢彩票游戏bread flour pizzas may be a little crispier and breads may be a little chewier and have more body but it's not a huge difference.
没有速溶酵母？?普通活性酵母可以用在任何我使用即时酵母。But be sure to check the package directions for the required temperature of the liquid.My brand of instant yeast calls for 120 degrees F while my regular active yeast calls for 110 degrees F.
Don't have 1% milk or low fat milk??Use a mixture of 3 parts water to 1 part whole milk.For example,to make the equivalent of one cup of 1% milk: combine 3/4 cup water + 1/4 cup whole milk.（对于2%的牛奶，混合物应为50/50，i.e.half water and half whole milk)
没有小苏打吗？?不要用烤粉代替。Baking powder is not a substitute for baking soda.Baking soda reacts with acidic ingredients in a recipe to make baked goods rise.
没有额外的光橄榄油??For baking you can use canola,safflower,或任何植物油。
Don't have a dutch oven??我只使用过搪瓷铸铁荷兰烤炉，但我在网上做过研究，其他人声称我成功地使用了：一个带盖子的玻璃耐热玻璃器皿，a stainless steel pot with a lid,粘土baker还有一块披萨石，上面盖着一个不锈钢碗。You can also look through therecipe commentsfor other ideas.请记住，任何盖子必须紧密配合，并有一个防烤箱的把手（不是塑料的）。你的罐子至少要装3夸脱，但5到6夸脱是最常见的。
不想用鸡蛋吗？?I'm sorry to say I don't know of any good substitute for eggs.For anyone with egg allergies,与其改变食谱，冒着失望的风险，你可以在网上找到很多已经被证实的无蛋食谱。徳赢真人娱乐如果胆固醇是一个问题，all my research has shown that egg yolks may contain cholesterol but they are low in saturated fat and they do not raise serum cholesterol in the blood.Eggs also contain nutrients that may help lower the risk for heart disease,including vitamin B12,riboflavin,and folate.Besides providing protein,iron,phosphorus,iodine,and vitamin E,eggs are also one of the few natural sources of vitamin D.